Plastic is made up of a wide variety of synthetic and semi-synthetic materials that are very hard to decompose. The polymer is the main component in plastic.
Waste plastic takes 500 years to decompose and if not decompose release the pollutants into soil and water.
What happened to the plastic you throw away?
When we throw the plastic in inland, the plastic we throw on land takes a lot of time to decay.
Meanwhile the world, 165 million weights of plastic float in the oceans, rivers, and ponds. It occurs damage to the wellness and safety of aquatic life.
After decomposition, it releases toxic liquid which then mixed up with the soil. this causes the shortening of the life of plants and trees.
Researchers said that the microplastic which flows through water and the plastic which decomposes in the land could have a long-term negative effect on an ecosystem.
Plastic which flows with the water flows from the river and then meet into the ocean. sometimes it is eaten by fish, tortoises, and other watery animals as food. this causes the loss of life of many fishes and other animals. As plastic decomposes in any of the living beings it causes them the loss of life, vomiting, and other problems.
A very little amount of plastic decomposed in the water results in microplastic which was again harmful to sea life.
Plastic which we throw in the dustbins are entirely collected and put in some specific area. some of the plastic is recycled and it generates electricity and heat. most of them remained in the landfill.
Plastic is strategy layered with complex straight and drainage systems allowing it to decompose naturally with the smallest environmental impact. The Reusable decompose waste transfers to the sorted industries to repeat recycled objects.
They are sorted in many ways one is manually through hand sorting and another is putting the plastic down into an infrared line to sort the plastic polymer from which they are made up of.
After the material is sorted then it repeatedly ready to be converted into new reusable things, keeping reusable resources from the landfill.
Even if we try to burn the plastic the poisonous air created by plastic causes a very harmful impact on the atmosphere as well as a living human being. One of the main resources of microplastic is clothing. According to the researchers, a large number of microplastic releases each time when we wash clothes’ very little amount of plastic goes into waste to energy per day. The amount of damage caused by the plastic on land is much more as compared to oceans. as more extra plastic floats into the upside of the oceans.
In some places the waste plastic sends to waste energy created plants .here the waste is converted into ash, gas, or heat through the organic materials. the mixture is filtered to remove the solid and harmful particles. the heat produced by incinerate incineration be used to generate electricity which is used to turn the trash into some useful.