How do germs spread (and why do they make us sick)?

It is very common for almost everybody to get exposed to germs that cause disease and the general fact is that one living being encounters germs almost daily in his or her life but does not acknowledge it much. Germs are generally microscopic organisms composed of virus, protozoa, bacteria and fungus.

Every kind of germ has the authority of getting in contact with every sort of living body and changing the function of that body altogether. These germs affect the body at different ranges where some consequences are mild while others are fatal. The reason behind this different level of harm is the mode of transmission of germs.


What Are Germs?

The general mode of transmission of the disease is air and the common example is ‘a sneeze’. The germ that performs transmission through air is ‘rhinovirus’. This virus is responsible for the common cold. The three varieties of this virus are generally identified as ‘too much’, ‘too little’ and ‘exact’. And since these viruses are hardwired to replication, they will do so at different rates because of the genetic difference.

The cases of these three hypothetical viruses take place and make their way through the following methods:-

Too much – This variety will replicate at a rapid rate making the host very sick and immobile hence preventing the host from leaving the house. So, when the host stays at home or dies, it prevents the variety from transferring to a new host or the cycle dies along with the host respectively.

Too little– This does minor harm to the host and thus the host hardly sneezes when they do and minimal virus in the mucus gets transferred.

Exact– This variety gets multiple at a quicker rate but also gives authority to he host to move and then spread the virus widely

Germs will achieve success and maintain the balance of replicating within the host and transferring to another host thus giving birth to the next generation.

Other Mode of Transmission

Mosquitoes transmit plasmodium, the malaria parasite and this does not us to be up and about. Beside this, the other modes of transmissions are as follows:-

  1. Foods that are unhygienic
  2. Water that is not clean
  3. Insects that bear the capability of transmission

How to Prevent Spreading of Infectious Diseases?

The following steps are supposed to be taken for preventing the spreading of disease:-

  1. A house should be ensured of mosquito proofing
  2.  Having a well and clean established water system
  3. Refusing from stepping out of the house when one catches a cold.

These are how germs travel and infect human beings. We expect that you have got the needed answer.

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