Where does electricity come from?

Do you like to sit under a fan on a hot day? Or do you like to drink chilled water when you’re feeling hot? Do you know what makes the fan or the refrigerator work?

All these things work on an energy called as Electricity.

But what is electricity let us know through this article?

  • Electricity is the flow of electrons.

How electricity is produced?

  • An atom is the smallest unit of matter.
  • Inside atom there lies electrons, protons and neutrons.
  • An electron is a negatively charged particle, whereas a proton is a positively charged particle.
  • When there are many moving electrons, it is referred to as electric current.
  • This electric current is useful for us to operate our household items.

Where is electricity produced and how does it help us?

  • Electricity is produced at the electric plant in a city or village.
  • A city’s powerful plant produces electricity and sends it through wires.
  • It is also called a power plant, electricity is produced by different means such as the burning of fossil fuels or by the use of renewable sources such as a turbine of water or windmill, etc.
  • The electricity produced by a power plant is then sent to a substation. This helps in increasing the power of electricity, minimizing the loss of the generated electricity and allowing it to move freely through wires.
  • Next it travels from wires to different places.
  • On reaching a domestic household, there is another substation plant. This substation decreases the power of electricity making it usable by household items.
  • From this substation, electricity is supplied to our homes by another set of wires.

Fun Facts:

  1. When we light a lamp, there is a change from electric energy to light energy.
  2. Alexander Lodygin and Harvey Hubbell are the two inventors and founders of electricity.

Related Questions:

  1. What are renewable sources of energy?
  2. What is a fossil fuel?
  3. Give some daily example of use of electricity.

True or False:

  1. Electricity is the flow of big particles.
  2. Electricity is produced due to the flow of electron and proton within an atom.
  3. Electricity is produced at the power plant.
  4. The substations are used to increase and decrease the power of electricity depending on the need.
  5. Electricity is used by only industrial people.

Objective Quiz:

  1. Electricity is the flow of ________.
    1. Protons.
    2. Electrons.
    3. Both 1) and 2).
    4. None of the above.
  2. ________ is the smallest particle of a mater.
    1. Atom.
    2. Cell.
    3. Tissue.
    4. None of the above.
  3. Electron is _________ charged particle.
    1. Positively.
    2. Negatively.
    3. Neutral.
    4. All of the above.
  4. When there are many moving electrons, it is referred to as __________.
    1. Electric Current.
    2. Electric Charge.
    3. Electric discharge.
    4. None of the above.
  5. The same charge of two atoms _________.
    1. Repel each other.
    2. Attract each other.
    3. No reaction.
    4. None of the above.

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