# Motion and Time

We know that motion is a phenomenon which changes it’s position over time and that it is of 4 types:- Rectilinear Motion, Circular Motion, Rotational Motion and Periodic Motion.

## How to decide which object is moving fast or slow?

• The distance moved by objects in a given interval of time tells us which one is faster or slower.
• Let’s say for example you and your friend are doing a race and your friend is pedalling faster then you , so by this you can easily tell who is slow or fast.
• One who takes shortest time to cover a particular distance has the highest speed.

### What is Speed?

• Speed is how fast an object travels from one point to the other in a given interval of time.
• It is a scalar quantity.
• We calculate an object speed by a particular formula and that is; Speed= Distance/ Time
• For example; If we say that a train is travelling with a speed of 120km/hr that means the train covers a distance of 120 km in 1 hour.

### There are 2 types of Speed;

1. Uniform Speed: If an object is moving on a straight line with constant speed then it is called as Uniform speed . Example: A car going on a straight road at a steady speed.
2. Non-Uniform Speed : If an object on a straight line with variable speed then it is called as Non-uniform speed. Example: A person who is jogging on a road or in a park as he keeps changing his speed after a certain time.

## What do you mean by Oscillatory Motion:

•  The to and fro motion of a simple pendulum is termed as an Oscillatory Motion.
• The pendulum has said to complete one motion when it goes from one extreme position to the other extreme position.
• The time taken by the pendulum to complete one oscillation is it’s Time Period.

### Unit of Time and Speed:

• The SI unit of time is second.
• The SI unit of speed is metre per second which is written as m/s.
• It came through the formula of distance/speed which gives us m/s.

Just for general Knowledge you can remember that  one day has 86400 seconds and there are 8760 hours in a year.

• An instrument used for measuring the distance travelled by a vehicle is called an Odometer.

## Distance-Time Graph:

• The distance travelled by an object in a given period of time is shown in distance- time graph.
• Generally, the time is marked on the x-axis of the graph and the distance is marked in the y-axis of the graph.
• We can compare the speeds of different objects given in the graph by just looking at the angle of the lines.
• The steeper the line in the graph the fastest is the movement.

The advantages of distance-time graph are:

• It tells us about the position of the object at any time.
• It tells us about the velocity ( The rate of change of the position of an object is called velocity. It is a vector quantity) of the object at any time.

## Motion and Measurement of Distances

Before the wheel was invented, people in ancient times used to move from one place to another either by walking or by using animals for…

## What’s the Difference Between Speed and Velocity?

ContentsActivitySpeed & VelocitySpeedVelocityFormula and ExerciseDistance: it is the distance between the starting point and ending point.Time: it is the time taken by someone to move…

## Easy Apple Craft Ideas For Kids

We all know about apples, it’s a fruit which we all have eaten once or more than a thousand times. It has so many benefits…

## Concept of Acceleration

ContentsRunning raceTHINK:ACCELERATIONGRAVITATIONAL ACCELERATION:QUIZ Running race Children’s day was nearing and all the students were very excited to play games and win prizes. It was the…

## Colorful Rainbow Crafts for Kids

Craftwork is not limited to kids, in fact, it’s not confined to any age limit. By doing craftwork our creativity increases. We are in school,…

+