Who were the ancient Greeks?


Who were the ancient Greeks?

  • The name Greek was given to the people of Greece by the Roman people. The era of Greek civilisation is marked from 800 to 480 BC.
  • This era was mostly known for its focus on great philosophical knowledge along with the emergence of great writers, architecture, warriors, athletes, actors, politicians, etc.
  • This period is also known as the Archaic period.

Archaic Period:

  • The archaic period was bounded by two revolutions, the Structural revolution and the intellectual revolution. The Structural revolution helped establish politics in Greek and therefore holds a very important place in history.
  • The Intellectual revolution was the end of the structural revolution and occurred in the classical period.
  • The establishment of poleis was also the result of the structural revolution.
  • The Archaic period saw great development in the fields of Greek politics, economics, international relations, warfare and culture.
  • However, the Archaic period in history and archaeology is considered as the earliest period of culture and is the term most frequently used by art historians to denote the period of artistic development in Greece.
  • The Greek art period ended with the removal of Persians from Greece after the battle of Platea and Mykale in 479 BC.

Fun Facts:

  1. Athens and Sparta were the two main cities known for ruling a major part of ancient Greece.
  2. Ancient Greece had more than about 100 city-states.
  3. The establishment of poleis means nothing but the establishment of the city-state.

Additional Questions:

  1. What is Greek civilisation?
  2. Greek civilisation is divided into how many periods?
  3. When did the Greek art period end?

True or False:

  1. The era of Greek civilisation is considered to be from 500 to 200 BC.
  2. Greek civilisation was known for its great philosophical and architectural knowledge.
  3. Greek civilization was also known as a classic period.
  4. The Archaic period was said to be bounded by three revolutions.
  5. The structural revolution made the political map of the Greek world.

Objective Quiz:

  1. Greek civilisation is considered from _______.
    1. 800 to 480 BC.
    2. 800 to 480 AC.
    3. 800 to 480 DC.
    4. None od the above.
  2. Ancient Greek civilisations is also known as _______.
    1. Archaic period.
    2. Classic period.
    3. Both 1) and 2).
    4. None of the above.
  3. Intellectual revolution was done in _________.
    1. Archaic period.
    2. Classic period.
    3. After classic period.
    4. None of the above.
  4. The establishment of ______ was done due to structural revolutions.
    1. Poleis.
    2. House.
    3. Car.
    4. None of the above.
  5. The Archaic period in history is also considered as the _______.
    1. Period of artistic development in Greece.
    2. Period of sport development in Greece.
    3. Both 1) and 2).
    4. None of the above.

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