What causes earthquakes?

What causes earthquakes

Earthquakes are primarily caused by the movement of tectonic plates beneath the Earth’s surface. These movements can result from the plates sliding past each other, pulling apart, or colliding, which releases energy in the form of seismic waves, causing the ground to shake.



1. What are tectonic plates made of?

A) Water
B) Rock
C) Ice
D) Sand


2. Which of the following is a boundary where earthquakes are likely to occur?

A) Transform boundary
B) The equator
C) The North Pole
D) A city center


3. What is the point on the Earth’s surface directly above where an earthquake starts called?

A) Epicenter
B) Hypocenter
C) Centerpoint
D) Ground zero


4. What is a seismograph used for?

A) Measuring wind speed
B) Recording earthquake waves
C) Predicting the weather
D) Tracking animal movements


5. Which of the following scales measures the magnitude of an earthquake?

A) Beaufort scale
B) Richter scale
C) pH scale
D) Kelvin scale


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