This article will provide an overview of the eight parts of speech in the English language. It will explain each part of speech with examples and rules to help you quickly understand the basics and start speaking and writing with confidence.
Learn Parts of Speech With Examples and Rules
Read More: Common Mistakes in English-Speaking
An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.
Size/Shape: tiny, long, oval
Texture: prickly, smooth, leathery
Odor/Taste: nutty, flowery, sour
Appearance: bright, beautiful, faded
An adverb tells how, how often, when, or where. It can describe a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
How: loudly, quickly
How often: always, never
When: before, soon
Where: away, inside
An article comes before a noun in a sentence and sometimes shows if the noun refers to a specific or general person, place, or object.
General: a dog a farm an apple an octopus
Specific: the dog the farm the apple the octopus
A conjunction joins two ideas or shows the relationship between two parts of a sentence.
Interjections are words that are used to convey strong emotions or feelings.
- Wow! What a wonderful work of art.
- Alas! That is really sad.
- Yippee! We won the match.
A noun names a person, place thing, or idea.
Person: Maria, boy, doctor
Place: New York, park, outer space
Thing: Pen, watermelon, table
Idea: Fairness, friendship, fear
A preposition shows the relationship (such as direction, time, or placement) between a noun or pronoun and another word in a sentence.
A pronoun replaces the name of a person, place, object, or idea in a sentence.
Verbs are words that denote an action that is being performed by the noun or the subject in a sentence.